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Referencing and Plagiarism

APA Style

APA is the referencing style for citations and reference lists used on Psychology Route courses.

APA stands for the American Psychological Association. This organisation provides guidelines on writing style and referencing for academic writing in the discipline of Psychology. They publish their guidelines in a style manual in the form of a book and website

Note: The latest version of APA referencing is the 7th edition, which was released in October 2019. Universities will begin using the 7th edition in September 2020. Scroll down to see a list of the differences between the 6th and 7th editions of APA referencing.

Referencing guidance:

  • The Cite Them Right website allows you to search for referencing examples by source and provides further guidance on referencing.
  • The APA website also provides referencing examples for you to follow.

Referencing help sheets and videos:

Library and Learning Services provide a help sheet for APA referencing. This includes referencing examples of the most common types of sources. Download this here:

APA reference lists are formatted with 'hanging indents.' Watch this video to find out what that means and how to do it:

One-to-one help:

For one-to-one support with APA referencing, please book with an Academic Skills Advisor by clicking here.

APA 7th Edition

In October 2019, the American Psychological Association released the new 7th edition of their APA style guide..

The new guide aims to simplify the presentation of in-text citations and reference lists.

Here are the five main changes, followed by a video with more information:

Reference lists:

1: When referencing books, you no longer have to include the place of publication in the reference list (e.g. London or Boston, MA). Only the name of the publisher is required.

For example:

Sapolsky, R. M. (2017). Behave: The biology of humans at our best and worst. Penguin Books.


2: When referencing journal articles, you no longer have to write 'doi' before the doi number. Instead you just include the URL.

For example:

Grady, J. S., The mind of the magician. Psychology Today 8(3), 206-206. 


3.  When referring to websites, you no longer have to put 'Retrieved from' before the website address.

For example:

World Health Organization. (2018, May 24). The top 10 causes of death.


4. Surnames and initials should be provided for up to 20 authors.

In-text citations:

1.  When are source has 3 or more authors, you should give only the name of the first author followed by et al. You should do this throughout your essay, including the first time you refer to the source.