It is important to be able to assess the quality, accuracy, relevance, bias, reputation and credibility of the information resources found,
as well as read critically and identify key points and arguments.
This guide presents considerations for ensuring the information you gather best supports your purpose and objectives.
Evaluating the effectiveness of your search and the information you find is a very important part of the information-seeking process. In order to effectively evaluate the information you've gathered, it's a good idea to think about the following:
If not, have a look at the Searching for Information tab.
Is the periodical scholarly or peer-reviewed?
Who is the publisher?
You can be sure that any sources of information bought by the library are of good academic quality.
It is likely that you won't find everything you need the first time you search, therefore, it is a good idea to consider the following when reviewing your results:
Critical appraisal is the process of carefully and systematically examining research to judge its trustworthiness, and its value and relevance in a particular context.
Evidence-based practice requires the critical appraisal of evidence so that it can be used to inform and to promote clinically effective care and decision-making.
Some questions to consider when carrying out a critical appraisal include:
More detailed information about critical appraisals is available in the Nursing and Midwifery Subject Guide
A systematic review is much more rigorous than a literature review.
An exhaustive search of all the literature is carried out, according to set criteria, and the resulting papers selected and analysed according to a closely defined process.
A systematic review should have:
More detailed information about Systematic Reviews is available here.
The literature review is meant to demonstrate that you have read widely around your topic and are capable of
The literature review will also demonstrate your ability to engage with the arguments, ideas and debates related to your field of study.
You can find more detailed information about literature reviews in our Assignment Planning Toolkit.