Referencing is the process of acknowledging and recording the sources you have used to produce your assignment
Referencing is about how you present the ideas of others in your work.
When producing a piece of academic writing, be it an essay, report or your final dissertation, you will need to demonstrate that you have consulted, read and understood the thoughts and concepts presented by others in their work, in order to support your ideas.
Referencing allows the reader of your work to locate and if necessary check the information you have consulted, and the evidence you have presented in your arguments.
Referencing is used to:
You need to reference every time you use an idea or piece of information from another person or organisation AND every time you make a claim.
This can be done using: direct quotes, paraphrases, and summaries
See each subheading below to find out some more information about each of three different types of referencing.
A direct quote is when you copy, word for word, someone else’s work and use this in your own writing. However, you need to ensure that you demonstrate that you have done this with the use of quotation marks. The rules for this may vary depending on your referencing style.
This is where you take a specific point and put it into your own words.
Your paraphrasing should have:
When summarising you should be briefly describing and explaining the main points of a piece of work.
Your focus is on the overarching idea, main themes and topics, not in-depth or detailed ideas or topics.
Summaries are based on more than just a few sentence or paragraphs (which would be paraphrasing).
You don’t need to use pages numbers, but you do need to use a citation!
Searching for sources
When planning your search, you might want to start by:
We use sources to support our arguments and develop our topics. For this we need to ensure that every source meets specific standards. Our sources must be: