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Essay - ATK



Once you have created an essay plan, you should be able to write a basic introduction to your essay. Generally, the introduction will give background to the topic to be discussed and outline the way in which the topic will be broken down into separate themes and the order which these themes will be dealt with. It is also possible to write the introduction after the main body of the essay has been composed, and in this way to match the introduction to the content of the main body.

Introduction content

  • Background to / importance of topic
  • Definition of terms in the question (if necessary)
  • What the essay will discuss and the order of the discussion (themes)
  • What the essay will include / leave out (scope)
  • The position the essay will adopt or what will be argued (thesis statement)


The conclusion functions to signal that the essay has completed the discussion as outlined in the introduction. It is a reminder to the reader of the main themes covered in the essay and should not contain any significant new information relating to these themes. A conclusion can also consider the implications of the essay’s discussion for the future and speculate on possible future developments arising from this. 

Conclusion content

  • Brief recap or reminder of the main themes
  • A summary of the essay findings / thesis and its importance
  • Speculation on possible future developments in the field that has been discussed

The introduction and the conclusion will each make up about 5-10% of the word count as a rough guide. The main body will account for about 80-90% of the total number of words. 

Links to additional resources