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Report- ATK

Writing an Introduction / conclusion


Once you have developed a structure for your report (see the previous section), you should be able to write a basic introduction. Generally, the introduction will give background to the topic to be discussed and outline the way in which the topic will be broken down into separate themes and the order which these themes will be dealt with. It is also possible to write the introduction after the main body of the report has been composed, and in this way to match the introduction to the content of the main body.

Introduction content

  • Background to / importance of topic
  • Definition of terms in the question (if necessary)
  • What the report will discuss and the order of the discussion (themes)
  • What the report will include / leave out (scope)
  • The position the report will adopt or what will be argued (thesis statement)


The conclusion functions to signal that the report has completed the discussion as outlined in the introduction. It is a reminder to the reader of the main themes covered in the report and should not contain any significant new information relating to these themes. A conclusion can also consider the implications of the report’s discussion for the future and speculate on possible future developments arising from this. 

Conclusion content

  • Brief recap or reminder of the main themes
  • A summary of the report findings / thesis and its importance
  • Speculation on possible future developments as a result (theory – practice)

The introduction and the conclusion will each make up about 10% of the word count as a rough guide. The main body will account for about 80% of the total number of words.

More resources related to academic writing are available from Learning Services in both print and electronic formats.