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Law LLB: IMDLAW218 Law of Torts


Welcome to your Torts Law reading list. Here you will find the resources to support you throughout this module. 

Essential Reading

Module Journals

Students will be expected to consult a range of law journals via Lexis Library and selected eJournals from WestLaw with a view to developing appropriate legal research skills and to access important supplementary readings in preparation for assessments. Examples of journals include:

Modern Law Review

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies

Cambridge Law Journal

Journal of Professional Negligence

Weekly Reading Lists

Read Chapters 2 (Introduction to the tort of negligence) and 3 (Duty of care: basic principles) from the textbook

Essential Cases

Caparo Industries v Dickman [1990] 2 AC 605 (HL)

Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] AC 562

Essential Article

Witting, C. (2005) ‘Duty of Care: An Analytical Approach’, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 25(1): 33.

Recommended Reading

Anns v Merton [1978] AC 728 (HL)

Read Chapter 4 (Omissions and acts of third parties) from the textbook

Essential Cases

Home Office v Dorset Yacht Co [1970] AC 1004 (HL)

Smith v Littlewoods [1987] 1 AC 241 (HL)

Essential Article

Steel, S. (2019) ‘Rationalising omissions liability in negligence’ Law Quarterly Review, 135(Jul): 484-507.

Recommended Reading

Michael v Chief Constable of South Wales Police [2015] UKSC 2

Further Reading

Komorowski, J. (2013) ‘Donoghue v Stevenson: myths and reality’, Juridical Review, 3: 451-467. 

Reid, E. Chapter 10: ‘Smith v Littlewoods Organisation Ltd (1985)’, in Landmark Cases in the Law of Tort (Hart, 2010): 251-272.


Read pages 221-230 in the textbook

Essential Cases

Bolam v Friern Hospital [1957] AC 850

Bolitho v City and Hackney Health [1998] AC 232 (HL)

Montgomery v Lanarkshire [2015] UKSC 11

Essential Article

Heywood, R. (2015) ‘R.I.P. Sidaway: Patient-oriented disclosure – a standard worth waiting for?’, Medical Law Review, 23(3): 455-466. [note: this may be listed as 'Commentary-Med Law Rev (2015) 23 (3):455']

Recommended Reading

Sidaway v Board of Governors of the Bethlem Royal Hospital [1985] AC 871

Further Reading

Brazier, M. and Miola, J. (2000) ‘Bye-bye Bolam: A medical litigation revolution?’, Medical Law Review, 8: 85–114.

Heywood, R. (2006) ‘The logic of Bolitho’, Journal of Professional Negligence, 4: 225–235 [only available by request for free trial].

Mulheron, R. (2010) ‘Trumping Bolam: a critical legal analysis of Bolitho's “gloss”’, Cambridge Law Journal, 69: 609–638.

Read Chapter 9 (Causation) of the textbook

Essential Cases

Barnett v Chelsea [1969] 1 QB 428

Overseas Tankship v Morts (Wagon Mound 1) [1961] AC 388 (PC)

Essential Article

Jones, M. (2006) ‘Proving causation - beyond the "but for" test’, Professional Negligence, 22(4): 251-269 [only available via free trial].

Recommended Reading

Fairchild v Glenhaven Funeral Services [2002] UKHL 22

Wilsher v Essex Area Health Authority [1988] 1 AC 1074 (HL)

Further Reading

Oliphant, K. Chapter 13: ‘Fairchild v Glenhaven Funeral Services Ltd (2002)’, in Landmark Cases in the Law of Tort (Hart, 2010): 335-358.

Steel, S. (2015) ‘Justifying Exceptions to Proof of Causation in Tort Law’, Modern Law Review, 78 (5): 729-758.

Read Chapter 10 (Defences to negligence) of the textbook

Essential Cases

Jackson v Murray [2015] UKSC 5

Morris v Murray [1991] 2 QB 6 (CA)

Essential Article

Goudkamp, J. and Zou, M. (2015) ‘The defence of illegality in tort law: beyond judicial redemption?’, Cambridge Law Journal, 74(1): 13-16.

Recommended Reading

Gray v Thames Trains [2009] UKHL 33

Further Reading

Davies, P. (2010) ‘The illegality defence: turning back the clock’ Conveyancer and Property Lawyer 4: 282-299

Read Chapter 19 (Rylands v Fletcher) from the textbook

Essential Cases

Cambridge Water v Eastern Counties Leather plc [1994] 2 AC 264 (HL)

Rylands v Fletcher (1868) LR 3 HL 330 (HL)

Transco v Stockport MBC [2003] UKHL 61

Essential Article

Nolan D. (2005) ‘The Distinctiveness of Rylands v Fletcher’, Law Quarterly Review, 121(Jul): 421-451.

Further Reading

Bagshaw, R. (2004) ‘Rylands confined’ Law Quarterly Review 120(Jul): 388-392.

Kumaralingam, A. (2004) ‘Rylands lives’, Cambridge Law Journal, 63(2): 273-276.

Read Chapter 17 (Defamation) from the textbook

Essential Cases

Joseph v Spiller [2010] UKSC 53

Lachaux v Independent [2019] UKSC 27

Monroe v Hopkins [2017] EWHC 433 (QB)

Reynolds v Times Newspapers [2001] 2 AC 127 (HL)

Essential Articles

Mullis, A., Scott, A. (2013) ‘Tilting at Windmills: the Defamation Act 2013’, Modern Law Review, 77(1): 87-109.

Terry, A., Weinert, E. (2020) ‘Lachaux v Independent Print Ltd - Supreme Court settles "rival constructions" on serious harm under of the Defamation Act 2013 s.1 - revolution or storm in a teacup?’ Entertainment Law Review 31(1): 3-7.

Recommended Reading

BrewDog v Frank [2020] EWHC 1276 (QB)

British Chiropractic v Singh [2010] EWCA Civ 350

Byrne v Deane [1937] 1 KB 818 (CA) (R) Hulton & Co v Jones [1910] AC 20 (HL)

Flood v Times [2012] UKSC 11

Hulton & Co v Jones [1910] AC 20 (HL)

Further Reading

Bernal, P. (2014) ‘A defence of responsible Tweeting’, Communications Law, 19(1): 12-19.

Descheemaeker, E. (2015) ‘Mapping Defamation Defences’, Modern Law Review, 78: 641.

Rudkin, T. (2014) ‘Things get serious: Defining defamation’, Entertainment Law Review, 25(6): 201-204.

Read Chapter 12 (Product liability) from the textbook

Essential Case

Grant v. Australian Knitting [1936] AC 85 (PC)

Essential Article

Handford, P. (2013) ‘The snail's Antipodean adventures’, Juridical Review, 3:315-355.

Recommended Reading

Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] AC 562 (HL)

Read Chapter 12 (Product liability) from the textbook

Essential Case

A and others v National Blood Authority [2001] 3 All ER 289 (QBD)

Essential Article

Howells, G. and Mildred, M. (2002) ‘Infected Blood: Defect and Discoverability A First Exposition of the EC Product Liability Directive’, Modern Law Review, 65(1): 95-106.

Recommended Reading

Bogle and others v McDonalds [2002] EWHC 490 (QB)

Richardson v LRC Products (2000) 59 BMLR 185 (R)