Welcome to your Further reading and Journal Articles reading list! Here you will find the resources to support you throughout your module.
Bradley, E., Campbell, P. and Nolan, P. (2005) Nurse prescribers: who they are and how do they perceive their role? Journal of Advanced Nursing 51 (5), pp.439-448.Aims. This paper reports a study to elicit background data from recently qualified nurse prescribers and explore aspects of their work. Backgrounds. Nurse prescribing has been introduced quite recently in the United Kingdom. Although a certain amount of information is available about the characteristics of nurse prescribers, relatively little is known about their professional backgrounds, their reasons for choosing to become nurse prescribers and their perceptions of their emerging role. More information is needed to inform the selection, education and support of nurse prescribers. Method. All nurses who undertook a nurse prescribing course in one university in the West Midlands during 2003-2004 were invited to participate in the study. A 40-item questionnaire was used to gather data on demographics, expectations of nurse prescribing, personal and professional development and perceived education needs. Findings. Respondents considered that, despite initial problems, the nurse prescribing initiative would ultimately prove to be a cornerstone of improved service delivery for service users. The majority of nurses were already heavily involved in prescribing 'by proxy' and the course merely formalized what they were currently doing. Potentially, prescribing could advance the professional development of nurses, improve communication between professionals and patients, and make the experience of patients more beneficial. However, some concerns were expressed about how supportive the current climate in health care could be, given the multiple demands on time and energy required by so many other innovations. Conclusion. Respondents appeared balanced in their perceptions of this innovation and what it could realistically achieve. They were not indifferent to the many short and long-term problems that need to be resolved before it can be claimed to have become embedded in practice. The success of non-medical prescribing may depend on organizational support, coupled with a robust continuing professional development strategy for all nurse prescribers.
Coutenay, M. and Latter, S. (2004) Effectiveness of nurse prescribing: a review of the literature JOurnal of Clinical Nursing 13(1) pp.26-32.In the UK, the number of nurses able to prescribe medicines is rapidly increasing in line with Government policy directives. Whilst a number of research studies have been conducted on nurse prescribing, review and synthesis of the findings from these studies had not been undertaken. The literature review was conducted to identify key findings about the impact and effectiveness of nurse prescribing as well as under-researched issues, in order to inform future research, education and practice in this area. A review of the literature on the first phase of nurse prescribing (1993-2002) in the UK was undertaken using electronic databases and specified search terms; some hand searching and identification of grey literature was also carried out. Eighteen research-based publications were included in the review. Findings indicate that patients are generally satisfied with district nurses' and health visitors' prescribing in the first phase of nurse prescribing. Nurses who prescribe are also generally satisfied with their role, although some concerns about the adequacy of their pharmacological knowledge have been raised. There is some variation in the prescribing patterns of district nurses', health visitors' and practice nurses, and the limitations of the original Nurse Prescribers' Formulary (NPF) have been highlighted. Some preconditions for good nurse prescribing practice have begun to be identified. Some nurse prescribing outcomes - e.g. its impact on the prescribing practices of doctors, and the perspectives of certain patient groups - remain un-evaluated. Research into the first phase of nurse prescribing is inevitably confined to those with a district nurse and/or health visitor qualification who were prescribing from the original NPF, thus limiting conclusions that can be drawn for the current policy context. The review highlights that nurse prescribing has generally been evaluated positively to date; however, there are both methodological weaknesses and under-researched issues that point to the need for further research into this important policy initiative. The review focuses on a clinical issue central to current and future forms of health care practice. Findings from the review highlight both the impact of nurse prescribing and the prerequisites that require consideration by those responsible for the development of nurse prescribing in clinical practice.
Frazier, S.C. (2005) Health outcomes and polypharmacy in elderly individuals: an integrated literature review. Journal of Gerontological Nursing. Sep pp 4-11.The purpose of this integrated literature review was to determine the extent of research available related to polypharmacy and its effect on the health outcomes of the elderly population. A search of the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature and Medline was conducted for studies published between 1995 and 2003 that linked polypharmacy and outcomes in the elderly population. The 16 studies in this integrative literature review were conducted in the United States, Canada, Australia, and Europe. Polypharmacy was shown to be a statistically significant predictor of hospitalization, nursing home placement, death, hypoglycemia, fractures, impaired mobility, pneumonia, and malnutrition. The effect of polypharmacy on elderly individuals is significant as demonstrated by this literature review. Nurses are in a unique position to monitor and potentially eliminate adverse effects of a complex medication regimen. Nursing research on polypharmacy and its effects on nursing-sensitive outcomes will help define guidelines for prevention and intervention.
Jukes, M., Millard, J., Chessum, C. (2004) Nurse prescribing: a case for clinical supervision. British Journal of Community Nursing 9(7) pp.291-97.This article will discuss the implications of nurse prescribing in mainstream primary health care and its impact on the fields of mental health and learning disabilities. Complexities and issues which require serious consideration by those nurses wishing to pursue such a specialist and extended role will be discussed in relation to these practice areas. Titchen's (1998) critical companionship model will be illustrated as an example of one framework for clinical supervision. This is to allow the processes, competencies and contextual issues to be explored by both novice and expert prescribers. The article concludes that for safe, effective and competency-based practice, clinical supervision also assists in mediating the professional and political aspirations in support of supplementary nurse prescribing.
While, A. and Biggs, KSM (2004) Benefits and challenges of nurse prescribing. Journal of Advanced Nursing 45(6), pp559-567.Background. Since 1999, all health visitors and district nurses in the United Kingdom (UK) have received additional education to permit their registration as independent prescribers from a limited list of medicinal products. Little research has investigated how more than 20 000 health visitor and district nurse prescribers have implemented their new role since the evaluation of the pilot sites. Aims. The aims of the study were to describe prescribing practices of healthvisitors and district nurses, the factors (contextual and professional) which enable and facilitate nurse prescribing, and views about the Nurse Prescribers’ Formulary. Method. A mail survey was conducted of all health visitors and district nurses working in three trusts in southern England. A 74% response rate was achieved (n = 91). Findings. Most respondents prescribed less than three times a week, with district nurses prescribing significantly more than health visitors (P ≤ 0·001). Over two‐thirds of the sample found nurse prescribing at least moderately helpful to their professional role and over four‐fifths reported that they were more than moderately confident nurse prescribers. A range of information sources was identified as helpful, regarding both new products and for continuing educational needs. Over two‐thirds reported that the current Nurse Prescribers’ Formulary did not cover their prescribing needs, and a number of factors were identified as hindering prescribing. Most respondents said that their general practitioner/primary care team was at least moderately supportive of their prescribing role. Limitations. The survey was conducted in three primary care trusts in southern England, which may be unrepresentative of trusts elsewhere in UK. Conclusions. The level of reported prescribing by health visitors and district nurses in this study indicates that they are not acting as substitute prescribers for general practitioners of the products in the limited formulary. Implementation of a major role change such as nurse prescribing requires a number of conditions, including adequate education/preparation, a formulary that meets practitioners’ needs, and acceptance by the practitioners themselves.
Routine blood results explained. 3rd edn. by Blann, A.Now in its third edition, this essential handbook for nurses and allied health professionals gives clear, simple explanations of blood results, focusing on routinely requested investigations. There have been many changes since the second edition - from alterations in units (such as g/L for haemoglobin, rather than g/dL) to the merging of haematology with biochemistry, blood transfusion and immunology to form blood science. Accordingly, in this new edition there are more details of immunology, immunological diseases, and the blood tests involved.These changes reflect the new roles which nurses, podiatrists and physiotherapists are developing, often with increased responsibility for examining, diagnosing and managing patients, and ordering and interpreting blood tests. The objective of this book is to support and enable these professionals to be successful in their new roles. Wherever possible, each chapter concludes with a brief case study. In addition, more complete case reports - reflecting the different aspects of primary and secondary care - are presented in the concluding chapters.
Call Number: 616.07561 BLA + eBook
Publication Date: 2013
Concordance by Bond, C. (Editor)Persuading patients to take their prescribed medicines has long been regarded as problematic, and this non-compliance often has serious and wide reaching outcomes. Concordance is a new way of looking at the processes within the consultation, and allowing the patients agenda to be taken into account when coming to a management decision. This new book not only provides a concise overview of the area but describes its implications for practice. Written by a multidisciplinary team, no other publication on concordance has the depth and breadth of coverage. It will be of interest to all healthcare professionals, academics and students with an interest in this emerging area.
Call Number: 615.5 BON
Publication Date: 2004
Clinical Skills for OSCEs. 5th edn. by Burton, N.L.Clinical Skills for OSCEs has been a bestseller since it was first published in 2002. The clear and concise writing style coupled with easy-to-follow line diagrams and essential clinical photographs have made this book a firm favourite with medical students.
This new edition features contributions from over 30 current students from medical schools across the UK, to ensure that the book remains current and appropriate for the requirements of today's students. The book has been fully revised and updated and includes 8 brand new stations: Blood cultures; Cognitive testing; Dementia diagnosis; Weight loss history; Ophthalmic history; Choking; Imaging tests explanation; Endoscopies explanation.
With over 120 stations in total, Clinical Skills for OSCEs 5e continues to provide the essential skills and knowledge for all of the key topics you will need to know at medical school.
Call Number: 616.075 BUR + eBook
Publication Date: 2015
Macleod's Clinical Examination. 13th edn. by Douglas, G. (Editor); Nicol, F. (Editor); Robertson, C. (Editor)2014 BMA Medical Book Awards Highly Commended in Medicine category! This classic textbook sets out clearly and concisely how to evaluate symptoms and elicit relevant physical signs. It describes the practical skills which every clinician must acquire and develop in order to evolve diagnostic procedures and management strategies and plans. 'Highly Commended' in the 2006 and 2010 BMA Medical Book Competitions, this Thirteenth Edition contains over 500 clinical photographs and diagrams to illustrate the text, with new topics added to make the book even more comprehensive.
Call Number: 616.0754 DOU + eBook
Publication Date: 2013
Medical Microbiology and Infection at a Glance. 4th edn. by Gillespie, S.H.; Bamford, K.B.This concise and popular introduction to medical microbiology and infection encapsulates the fundamental facts and principles of this rapidly growing and changing subject area. Written by experienced clinicians and teachers, it covers the basic concepts of medical microbiology, and the main human pathogens and infectious syndromes, in an accessible and lucid format.
This fully updated fourth edition is now supported by a companion website at www.ataglanceseries.com/medicalmicrobiologycontaining extra self-assessment cases, colour slides, further reading, and key point summaries.
Medical Microbiology and Infection at a Glance is an invaluable revision aid for medical and allied health students and junior doctors, and is ideal for anyone seeking a comprehensive and concise guide to this subject area.
Call Number: 616.9041 GIL + eBook
Publication Date: 2012
History and Clinical Examination at a Glance by Gleadle, J.Every medical student must be able to take an accurate history and perform a physical examination. This third edition of History and Clinical Examination at a Glance provides a concise, highly illustrated companion to help you develop these vital skills as you practice on the wards. Building on an overview of the patient/doctor relationship and basic enquiry, the text supports learning either by system or presentation of common conditions, with step-by-step and evidence-based information to support clinical examination and help you formulate a sound differential diagnosis.
Call Number: 616.0751 GLE + eBook
Publication Date: 2012
Legal Aspects of Nursing. 7th edn. by Griffith, R.; Dowie, I.; Dimond, B.The definitive guide to the law that all nurses need to know. Written specifically for student nurses as well as those already in practice, Dimond's Legal Aspects of Nursing is your essential practical guide to the legal principles you need to be aware of in your everyday nursing practice. Building on previous editions of the book by Bridgit Dimond, this 8th edition has been significantly reworked by a new author team with extensive experience in teaching nursing law. It has also been fully updated and revised in line with recent legal developments and the new Nursing standards to ensure it continues to meet the requirements of nursing law modules.
Call Number: 344.420414 GRI + eBook
Publication Date: 2019
Nurses' Clinical Decision Making by Gurbutt, R.This work includes a foreword by Carl Thompson, Senior Research Fellow, Department of Health Sciences, University of York. This inspiring text offers guidance and innovative ideas for teaching and learning. It explains how nurses make clinical decisions through the development of narratives, and how, using narratives, nurses gain a far more intimate knowledge of the patient than doctors can. The book considers service delivery around patients, renegotiation of professional roles of medical staff and their boundaries of responsibility and authority. "Nurses' Clinical Decision Making" will appeal to all undergraduate and postgraduate students of nursing, registered nurses and nurse managers. Nurse educators, hospital managers, doctors and healthcare risk managers will also find the information contained here invaluable. 'If nurses are decision-makers how can their role and practice be explained? Can decision-making be taught and are there different levels of decision-making skill? If so, how can expert decision-makers be recognised? These are just some of the pertinent questions that need to be asked if we are to recognise and understand the centrality of clinical decision-making in nursing practice. Clinical work is complex and takes place in a complex environment that centres around individuals who themselves are physically, socially and spiritually complex. Clinical work also involves multiple participants (nurses, doctors, patients, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, pharmacists to name a few) who in the course of a days work can make scores of decisions.' - Russell Gurbutt, in the Preface.
Call Number: 610.73 GUR
Publication Date: 2006
The Good Consultation Guide for Nurses by Hastings, A.; Redsell, S.This invaluable guide for nurses improves the skills and knowledge required to consult effectively with patients. It is highly practical, easy to read and comprehend, and is designed for use in daily practice, and as an aid for professional development. The 'Consultation Assessment and Improvement Instrument for Nurses' (CAIIN) concept is introduced, and sample forms, suggested strategies and tables containing key information are also provided. The recent substantial changes that have taken place in health service structures, staffing arrangements and nursing practice have led to more nurses working in first contact roles and within nurse-led services. Nurses at all levels in primary and secondary care, including those in pre-registration training will find this guide vital, as will nurses considering taking on autonomous roles such as independent prescribing. It is also highly suitable for nurse lecturers, nurse managers, learning and health service managers, and undergraduate and postgraduate nursing students.
Call Number: 616.075 HAS
Publication Date: 2006
Bioethics by Johnstone, M-J.An essential resource for both undergraduate and postgraduate students and registered nurses to develop new insights and moral wisdom around ethical issues they will face in clinical practice. Bioethics: A Nursing Perspective, 6th Edition continues to set the standard for bioethical issues in nursing practice. As with previous editions, this highly respected text provides a comprehensive framework to assist students and registered nurses to understand the ethical challenges, obligations and responsibilities they will encounter in daily practice. Greater depth on ethical issues, particularly those concerning ethical conduct, unprofessional conduct, professional misconduct and 'morality politics' Case scenarios and critical questions that encourage students and registered nurses to reflect on key issues that relate to their own practice New chapters: - Ethics, dehumanisation and vulnerable populations - Professional obligations to report harmful behaviours with a focus on impaired practitioners, child abuse and elder abuse Introduces a new concept: 'cultural humility' Content on 'needs versus wants', 'the right not to be informed', palliative sedation, preventing ethical conflicts, the relationship between professional judgment and moral decision-making in nursing and health care contexts, and future ethical difficulties concerned with climate change, peak oil, pandemic influenza, antimicrobial resistance and health inequalities All chapters and references have been updated to reflect contemporary nursing practice, locally and globally
Call Number: 174.2 JOH
Publication Date: 2015
The Hands-On Guide to Practical Prescribing by Jones, O.; Gautam, N.The hands-on guide to practical prescribing is a concise, easy-to-use guide to the practical aspects of pharmacology for junior doctors who are making the transition from studying pharmacology to prescribing drugs for the first time.
This new addition to 'The hands-on guide' series brings together the core pharmacological knowledge required by house officers, structured in a way to address the very hands-on, practical aspects of prescribing. This book is not designed to replace the factual drug information in the BNF, but to complement and build upon it, so that The hands-on guide to practical prescribing provides junior doctors with a solid guide to prescribing in the clinical setting.
Beginning with the general principles of prescribing and basics of writing a prescription form, the book guides you through topics such as using the BNF, drug interactions and monitoring toxicity, before moving on to cover both surgical and medical topics such as preoperative and postoperative patients, prophylaxis, organ failure and diabetes.
The hands-on guide to practical prescribing is a problem-based book that covers the common problems and questions a house officer might encounter, and will be an invaluable guide to life on the wards. The authors are specialist registrars in medicine and surgery, have undertaken SHO and registrar posts in the major specialities and also write and teach regularly on clinical pharmacology.
Call Number: 615.6 JON + eBook
Publication Date: 2008
The Naked Consultation by Moulton, L.Don't Wait Until Something Goes Wrong to Think About Your Consultation Skills Designed specifically for busy health professionals working in primary care, The Naked Consultation: A Practical Guide to Primary Care Consultation Skills covers all aspects of the primary care consultation in a clear, concise, and highly readable manner. The book begins by breaking the primary care consultation into its components, making it easier to focus on particular areas and practise skills such as encouraging patients to explain what's wrong, summarising and reflecting, and giving information to patients. The book then describes how to effectively use educational tools--such as videoing, random case analysis, problem case debriefing, and feedback--to improve consultations. It also explains in detail how to demonstrate proficient consultation skills in the Membership of the Royal College of General Practitioners (MRCGP) exam and the importance of these skills in appraisal/revalidation. Certified for continuing professional development (CPD®) by The CPD Certification Service, this fully updated and revised Second Edition incorporates new thinking and consultation models, including the 6 S model and the new doctor, patient, illness model. It also provides detailed analysis of the latest Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) assessment tools, such as the clinical skills assessment exam (CSA) and the consultation observation tool (COT). Complete with illuminating case studies, photocopiable forms, and a jargon-busting appendix, The Naked Consultation: A Practical Guide to Primary Care Consultation Skills, Second Edition offers valuable insight into the key phases of the primary care consultation, the best features of common consultation models, and the real-world application of popular consultation techniques. Highly Commended at the BMA Medical Book Awards 2016
Call Number: 616.075 MOU
Publication Date: 2016
Inner Consultation by Neighbour, R.The Inner Consultation, Second Edition sets out the author's thoughts on how consulting skills, and methods of teaching them, have evolved in the 17 years since the book's first publication. It also develops the theme of 'curiosity' as the key requirement for patient-centred consulting and provides a practical consultation model with five checkpoints to work to, advice for developing skills, and suggestions for doctors to ensure they know the cues in the consultation that require their full attention. All general practitioners, GP registrars, and medical professionals will find this book essential and thought-provoking reading.
Call Number: 610.696 NEI
Publication Date: 2005
Orthodox and Alternative Medicine by Saks, M.This fascinating book explores the changing relationship between orthodox and alternative medicine in Britain and the United States from the sixteenth century to the present day.
Mike Saks sees the development of orthodox and alternative medicine as two sides of the same coin and his analysis centers on the role of professionalization in health care. In the sixteenth century, the line between orthodox and alternative medicine was blurred. By the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the increasing professionalization of orthodox bio-medicine had marginalized medical alternatives. In recent years, following the growth of a strong counter-culture in the 1960s and 1970s, perceptions of the relationship between the two forms of practice have begun to change again. The de-professionalization of orthodox medicine is being debated, while ironically, alternative medicine has become increasingly professionalized.
Mike Saks considers the political dynamics of the process of professionalization, and looks at the dilemmas posed for both medical orthodoxy and alternative medicine in the development of a more integrated health care system in Britain and the United States in the future
Call Number: 615.5 SAK + eBook
Publication Date: 2003
Educating the Reflective Practitioner by Schon, D.A.Building on the concepts of professional competence that he introduced in his classic The Reflective Practitioner, Schon offers an approach for educating professional in all areas that will prepare them to handle the complex and unpredictable problems of actual practice with confidence, skill, and care.
Call Number: 153.4 SCH
Publication Date: 2009
Dale and Appelbe's Pharmacy and Medicines Law by Wingfield, J. (ed.); Pitchford, K. (ed.); Dale, J.RThis new edition ofthis highly popular book provides an outline of the law that affects thepractice of pharmacy in Great Britain. It incorporates material from a widerange of well-known individuals in academia, professional and legal practiceand has been fully revised in line with current law and regulation. In particular, thechapters on controlled drugs and poisons have been completely rewritten to makethem more accessible, information on Falsified Medicines Directive andpharmacovigilance has been added to all the relevant chapters and there is commentaryon the latest standards and guidance from the General Pharmaceutical Council. Thechapter on Fitness to Practise has also been considerably enhanced with new caselaw and revised procedural protocols and the chapter organisation has been re-orderedand consolidated. Chapters 2-16 now cover all human medicines legislation,including controlled drugs; chapter 17 covers legislation on animal medicines.A new chapter 18 consolidates the law on poisons, denatured alcohols andchemicals. The book is an invaluablesource for pharmacy undergraduates, pre-registration students and pharmacistsin all branches of the profession, and also for others in Britain and overseaswho may need some knowledge of contemporary British law relating to medicinesand poisons and pharmacy professional regulation.